Badin District, Statistics and History since Establishment

Badin District, Statistics and History since Establishment


Badin is 87th largest city of country and capital of District Badin. The city is situated on east of Indus River.

History of the district is more akin to the history of lower Sindh. Original city was situated half mile away from the current city where some reigns of old city are still seen now a days. Badin city was established during 1750, later Madad Khan Pathan had attacked the city and ruined it completely. Some of the coins of the Alexander the Great’s era have also been found from the reigns of old city. Historians write the old name of Badin was Sawalpur. It is listened that Badin was a caste of Mallahs (fishermen) and there was a place with the name Badirh (بديڻ) which might had been changed to Badin. Badirh mallah (fishermen) are still living in District Thatha. Doctor Nabi Bakhsh Baloch has revealed that name of Badin city has been driven from Saint Shahabbadin who had settled 1.5 miles away from Badin city, who is called yet place of Shah Badi in local pronunciation.

Juneja caste community was influential and strong in the area during the Sama era. As per folk stories, Jam Adho Kehar had settled near to Badin and Juneja community had murdered him, Later his wife Hothal Padmani alongwith her son Jakhor and daughter Sukhar shifted to a village near to old Badin. After growing up Jokhar, he alongwith his associates ambushed the Juneja at Badin and destroyed whole city to avenge his father’s assassination. Subsequently, this city was destroyed for the first due to a civil war. There was also a river namely Rainr River crossing nearing to the city, since the city had unique importance from agriculture point of view since the people resumed resettlement of the city. During the Arghuns era, rifts were occurred during between Mirza Saleh and Mirza Baqi Baig which resulted into the devastation of Old Badin.

During the Kalhora governance, Madad Khan had attacked the city and set ablaze the whole city, after which the old Badin could not be resettled and New Badin was settled at the current location. As per Mirza Kalich Baig, there was a graveyard near to old Badin, where 632 Hijri, 987 Hijri have been found written on stones of many graves. The current city was established during year 1780 by Mirs.

Badin District is counted in one of the most important districts of Sindh having coastal belts. The district is bounded with Tando Allahyar in the North, Hyderabad District in the Northwest, Mirpurkhas and Tharparker District in east, where as Kutch District of India in the south which ultimately gives international border to the district and Districts Tando Muhammad Khan and Sajawal in the west. Prime Minister, Mr Zufiqar Ali Bhutto had given the status of district to Badin in 1975 under Hyderabad Division .

There are five talukas in district Badin and these talukas are further distributed in 68 union councils, while union councils are further divided into 511 dehs. As per census held during 1998, population of the district was 1,136,636 with 16% urban areas which has been increased to 1,804,516 as per the census conducted during 2017.

Main livelihood source of the district is agriculture. The agricultural land of district is irrigated through Phuleli, Guni Canal and Akram Canals of Kotri Barrage, moreover, Nasir Canal of Sukkur Barrage also provides irrigation water to the district. As per census of 1998, 83.6% of total population relies on agriculture. Other main source of income of people is cattle farming and fisheries. Main crop of the district is sugarcane which is cultivated on 603000 hectors land of the district, while wheat, cotton, rice, sunflower and vegetables are cultivated in the district. Fishing is also a main source of District Badin and provides 10% of coastal fish to the country. As per statistics of year 2002, Sindh province had produced 80659 tons from fresh water, qhile Badin district had given 17.5% share to the province (14152 tons), which had made it Sindh’s 2nd highest district producing fish from fresh water after District Thatta.

There are six sugar mills functioning in the district therefore, the district is  called as Sugar Mills’ State. Besides other small factories of rice, flour and other small industries are installed in the Badin district.

Crude oil is also found in district Badin, it is perceived that 50% of total crude oil is found in Badin district therefore, the district is also called Oil State of Pakistan. Coal has also been discovered in the district which consists of 1110 Square kilometer and estimated to have 1.358 Billion tons of coals.

There is no natural forest in district Badin however, two forests namely Rari Forest and Boharki Forest 12000 hectors land have been cultivated through fresh water of Indus River.

As per census of 1998, 24.633% of total population is literate which increased to 27.52% during 2001. There is no university in the district however, Sindh University has opened its campus at Badin City and education of Business Administration, Commerce and Computer Science subjects is being provided to the bachelor degree students of Badin district.

There is a district hospital in the Badin city, three taluka hospitals 4 rural health centres, three dispensaries, forty six basic health units, and approx. 100 other small health facilities in district Badin. As per statistics of 2001, one doctors is available for 5428 people in the district.

There is also a railway station at Badin which connects Hyderabad through Matli town. Besides taluka headquarters are connected with Badin through links roads.

There are two national assembly seats and five Sindh assembly seat in Badin District. During general elections 2018, Mir Ghulam Ali Talpur of PPP and Doctor Fahmida Mirza (wife of Doctor Zulifiqar Mirza) of GDA became MNAs of NA 229 and NA 230 respectively. Dada Muhammad Halipota of PPP (PS-70), Mir Allah Bakhsh Talpur of PPP (PS-71), Hasnain Ali Mirza of GDA (PS-72), Taj Muhammad of PPP (PS-73) and Muhammad Ismail Rahoo of PPP (PS-74) became of MPAs of Sindh Assembly during general elections 2018.

Atmosphere of Badin is polluted due to drainage of waste water till Sea through Lift Bank Outfall Bank (LBOD), which deteriorate the fresh water level of Badin as well as agricultural lands are affected due to drainage water.    

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