Doctor Nabi Bakhsh Baloch, Who was moving Sindhi Encyclopedia


Doctor Nabi Baloch, Who was moving Sindhi Encyclopedia

Doctor Nabi Bakhsh Baloch, who has served for the nation and vacuum in his absence cannot be filled

Dr. Nabi Bakhsh Khan Baloch son of Ali Muhammad Khan Laghari Balcoh was born on 16 December 1917 in Village Jaffar Khan Laghari, Taluka Sinjhoro, District Sanghar. He was a renowned scholar, writer, linguist, folk literature composers, author of Sindhi Folklore, researchers on history and other aspects of Sindh as well as Country. Nabi Bakhsh was termed as moving library of Sindhi Language.


Nabi Bakhsh Baloch got admitted in Primary School Paliyo Khan Laghari during 1924 to acquire primary education. Later, he studied in Village Jamrao 22 of District Sanghar. Nabi Bakhsh Baloch dot admission in famous madrasah of Naushahro Feroze during 1929. This maddarsa is is famous now a days as “Alhando Shah Madarisa High School”.

he passed BA (honors) during 1941 in first division (third position). During 1943, Nabi Bakhsh Baloch passed MA Examination in First Division (first position) from Muslim University Ali Garh as well as passed advocacy examination during the same year from the same university.

Due to acquiring first position in MA, British government of India provided him scholarship for higher studies at Colombia University. Subsequently, during 1947, Doctor Nabi Bakhsh balcoh went New York, to acquire MA (Education) from Colombia University where, he passed Ph.D as well during 1949.


After passing Ph.D, Colombia University authorities offered Doctor Nabi Bakhsh Baloch for his services, but he rejected their offer and returned back to Pakistan. After returning back, Dr Nabi Bakhsh Baloch played important role for development of Sindh and Pakistan. His Services for the nations are as under

Establishment of Sindh University 

During 1950, Dr Nabi Bakhsh Baloch was appointed as Public Relation Officer at Damascus, but he resigned from his job and opted to establish Sindh University on the motivation of Doctor Allama I.I Kazi.

Subsequently, he became the first professor of Sindh University on its establishment during September 1951.

Later, he was appointed as Dean of Faculty of Education and Literature Department of Sindh University. Doctor Baloch also remained as Vice Chancellor of Sindh University from 1973 to 1976.

Services except establishment of Sindh University

Doctor Nabi Bakhsh Baloch remained as special secretary of Education and Literature in Ministry of Federal Education from 1976 to 1979. In the same period, he also remained as member of Federal Review Board.

He remained as director of National Institute of History and Culture (which was called later Institute of Islamic History, Culture and Civilization) from Jul to Oct 1979.

Doctor Baloch remained as vice chancellor of International Islamic University from 22 November 1980 to Aug 1983.

He remained advisor of National Hijra Council Islamabad from 1983 to 1989.

Doctor Nabi Bakhsh Baloch remained chairman and founder of National Language Authority from 1989 to 1991.

Doctor Baloch also remained as caretaker provincial minister Sindh for Education, Agriculture and Wild Life Protection.

Doctor Nabi Bakhsh remained honorary director on the Chair Allama I.I Kazi from 1991 to 2011.

Besides he has served for the nation on different projects and provided his services in development of education and research on Moen Jo Daro, Lok Virsa Researches etc

Services provided in terms of Sindhi Language Development and literature  

Doctor Baloch wrote edited upto 200 books. His every book is considered as best example of hardworking. Nabi Baksh Baloch was feeling to be proud on 10 volumes about life and poetry of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai.

Sindhi to Sindhi Dictionary

A Project started under Sindhi Adabi Board during 1954 under the supervisor of Doctor Nabi Bakhsh Baloch. He made efforts to compose Sindhi to Sindhi Language Dictionary with the assistance of professors, researchers and scholars of Sindh and completed the project under his personal supervision.

Urdu to Sindhi and Sindhi to Urdu Dictionary

On the desires of Allama I.I Kazi, Doctor Nabi Baksh Baloch planned to compose Urdu to Sindhi and Sindhi to Urdu dictionary under the supervision of Sindh University. He worked on this project with the assistance of Doctor Ghulam Mustafa Khan during 1959 to 1960.

Sindhi Folk Literature

Sindhi Adabi Board approved compilation of Sindhi Folk Literature during 1956. Doctor Nabi Bakhsh Baloch was assigned supervision of this project. While accomplishing his duties, Doctor Nabi Bakhsh Baloch contacted various folk poets, folk story writers and elders of Sindh. These important personalities provided contents to Dr Nabi Bakhsh Baloch.

The content provided was consisting of Sindhi Folk Stories, Sindhi Folk poetry, Sindhi Folk Stories of Love, Sindhi Kafis, Sindhi Naats, stories of different miracles happened in Sindh, Folk Songs, Sindhi wedding songs and much more.

Besides, Doctor Nabi Bakhsh Baloch himself wrote over a dozen of volumes on literature. Subsequently, forty volumes of Sindhi Folk Literature were published under the supervision of Sindhi Adabi Board.

Composition of Shah Jo Risalo

Doctor Nabi Bakhsh Baloch made efforts and got printed 10 authentic volumes of Shah Jo Risalo. Besides, he compiled different poetry of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai.

Services to compile Sindhi classical music

Doctor Nabi Bakhsh Baloch compiled poetry of different Sindhi Classical poets. He himself also wrote on the life style of these Sindhi classical poets and history of Sindhi classical poetry. He has almost written eighteen books on Sindhi classical music which include Sindhi classical poetry, biographies of Sindhi classical poets and history of Sindhi Classical music and poetry.

Urdu Books

Dr Nabi Bakhsh Baloch also wrote approximately five books in Urdu on poetry and education.

Persian Books

Dr Baloch was also well conversant of Persian language. He has written about 10 books in Persian language about history of Sindh, biographies and poetry of some Sindhi people.

Arabic Books

He has also edited some of Arabic Books of Sindh Education Department.

English Books

Doctor Baloch has written about 10 books about Education in Pakistan, Sindhi Culture, Advent of Islam in Indonesia, Musical instruments of Indus Valley, Traditions of Hyderabad Region etc.

Rewards Achieved by Doctor Nabi Bakhsh Balcoh

Doctor Nabi Bakhsh Baloch was awarded many rewards some of his rewards are as under:-

Tamgha e Pakistan during 1962 and 1968


President’s Pride of Performance during 1979

Aizaz-e-kamal during 1991

Sitar-e-Imtiaz during 2001

Hilal-e-Imtiaz by President of Pakistan during 2011

Doctor Nabi Baksh Baloch expired on 6 April 2011 at Hyderabad at the age of 93 years. He was buried at Sindh University Jamshoro near the grave of Allam I.I Kazi. He left behind his five sons and three daughters.


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